Author Archives: Dr.Vicky

Intranasal Vaccination: Protect your Calves

Intranasal (IN) vaccination of calves for respiratory disease has several advantages. IN vaccines stimulate a stronger local immune response because the modified live microorganisms are delivered directly to the mucosa lining the inner surface of the nose. This mimics a … Continue reading

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Why are Selenium Supplements Important?

Selenium is a trace mineral that is a necessary component for multiple antioxidants and normal immune function. Without selenium, antioxidants function poorly, thus leading to cellular damage throughout the body. Rapidly-growing cells, such as muscle and immune system cells, are … Continue reading

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Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD)?

What is the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD)? The FDA recently released updated guidelines that will go into effect in spring 2017. The FDA asked all drug companies to voluntarily remove the growth promotion labels from their antibiotic products. All of … Continue reading

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Importance of Calf Electrolytes

Why are electrolytes important? Scouring calves lose 5-10% of their body weight per day in fluids Calves will die from dehydration alone once they reach 12% dehydration Calves become acidotic (too much acid in the blood) from losing electrolytes in … Continue reading

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Colostrum: Mother’s, Replacements and Supplements

Why is Colostrum Important? Calves are born with a barely functional immune system Need antibodies, or immunoglobulins (IgG) to be protected from pathogens Calves can only get IgG from colostrum Absorb IgG through the gut straight into the bloodstream Not … Continue reading

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