What’s the Issue?
- Cold calves require more energy to stay warm and they are more susceptible to calf diseases like pneumonia and scours.
What’s the Impact?
- Calves with pneumonia, scours and other diseases do not seem to thrive and grow as well as healthy calves.
- Milk production and profit can be affected later in the cow’s life.
- Use calf jackets for (at least) the first two weeks of life.
- Keep a deeply bedded hutch or stall so they can make a nest. It’s deep enough if only half the calf is visible.
- Feed enough calories in the diet. Consider adding products like Super Calf to the milk for added caloric density.
- If feeding a 20-20 milk replacer the minimum should be 1.5 gallons per day and it has been recommended to feed 2 gallons per day until they’re eating a half pound of grain.
- Feeding three times daily reduces the risk of Clostridia compared to feeding twice daily at this accelerated level.